If the concussion happens while playing sports, you should also:
Children or teens who return to play too soon—while the brain is still healing—risk a greater chance of having a repeat concussion. Repeat or later concussions can be very serious. They can cause permanent brain damage, affecting your child for a lifetime.
If there is an athletic trainer available at the school or sporting event, he or she would be the best place to start for an evaluation. Concussions can also be treated in the emergency department or in a medical office, and most of the time athletes get to go home after an evaluation. However, when the injury is more serious, your child or teen may need to stay in the hospital overnight.
Be sure to tell the medical provider if your child or teen is taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies.” When possible, also write down and share the following information:
A certified athletic trainer will perform a concussion assessment to determine the number and severity of any symptoms. A physician or emergency department may do a scan of his or her brain (such as a CT scan) to look for signs of a more serious brain injury. Other tests such as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests may also be performed. These tests help assess your child or teen’s learning and memory skills, the ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly he or she can think and solve problems. Some tests may also test for your child’s ability to balance. These tests can help the child’s medical provider identify the effects of the concussion.
Ask for written instructions from the young athlete’s health care provider on return to play. These instructions should include information about when they can return to play and what steps you should take to help them safely return to play. Before returning to play an athlete should:
You can also utilize the following fact sheets for home care and return-to-school advice: